Shalom Cholawsky was born in 1914 in the town of Lida, Belarus. After the outbreak of the WWII, he became a leader of the Nieswiez ghetto underground and of the uprising in the ghetto. After the uprising, he fled to the forests and joined the partisans. There, he fought until liberation as part of the Zhukov Partisan Unit. In 1944, he met Yitzchak (Antek) Zuckerman, a commander of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, and with him founded the “Partisans, Soldiers, and Pioneers” movement and was active in the Bericha organization. In 1948, he immigrated to Israel and settled on Kibbutz Ein Hashofet. Cholawsky published many studies on the Holocaust in Belarus, the ghetto uprisings, and the partisans.