Yehuda Bauer was born in Prague in 1926 and in 1939 immigrated to Palestine with his family. In 1960, he received his PhD from the Hebrew University for his dissertation “The Hagana and the Palmach in Light of Zionist Policy during WWII.” Bauer began his academic career at the Hebrew University’s Institute of Contemporary Jewry. Between 1973 and 1975 and 1977 and 1979, he served as director of the Institute. Between 1984 and 1994 he served as its academic chairperson and at the same time established and directed the Hebrew University’s Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Anti-Semitism. Bauer was the editor of the Journal of Holocaust and Genocide Studies from 1986 to 1995, and between 1980 and 1995 he served as the chairperson of the study circle at the residence of the president of Israel, which explored the subject of “Jews in the Diaspora and Eretz Israel.” In 1998, he was awarded the Israel Prize for his study of the history of the Jewish people, and in 2000 he was selected as a member of the Israeli Academy of the Sciences and Humanities. Bauer has also served as an academic advisor to Yad Vashem and as chairperson of its International Institute for Holocaust Research.